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5 Well Drilling Terms for Beginners

Trying to learn about well drilling but lost on the terminology and topics used to explain? You're not alone! Well drilling can be intimidating to understand at first but it can be simple to understand once you get the hang of it. Below, we explain 5 common well drilling terms for you to use as a jumping off point! If you're looking for expanded info for beginners, read our article here!


  1. Water Well: A water well is simply an alternative to city water for your residence or business. It is located underground and pumps water through the system, purifying it, storing it, and being sent to your faucet when you turn it on.

  2. Solar Pump: A solar pump is a specific type of pump that is powered by solar panels instead of electricity. This is a great option for people in more rural areas or those who want to be more environmentally conscious.

  3. Air Rotary Drilling: This is a specific technique of water well drilling that is used to directly access the aquifers in the ground. To do this, the drill head uses pressure to bore a hole in the ground, driving the soil, dirt, and debris out of the way.

  4. Well Inspection: A well inspection is the process well owners undergo annually to ensure their well is in good shape. Well inspections are vital to the health and maintenance of your water well. Your water will be tested for any contaminants, the well will be checked for any cracks or leaks, and the pump will be tested to ensure it is still working properly.

  5. Well Contamination: This term refers to when toxins seep into your well water. These can often be harmful to ingest or use in everyday activities, which is why it is so important to have your well routinely tested and inspected. These contaminants can include radon, arsenic, and nitrate.


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